"Nanostructured silver and copper coatings on powders of inorganic and organic materials deposited from the vapour phase in vacuum"
B.A. Movchan, I.S. Kovinskii
Functional coatings are an integral part of practically all kinds of products made by man, for instance, poisonous coating of an arrow-head for a bow, protective coating of descent capsule with the cosmonaut of the space vehicle or soluble shell of a drug.
Depending on coating purpose, respective variants of various materials, structures and methods to produce them are applied. Among the numerous modern chemical, electrochemical and physical methods and technologies of producing the coatings, physical processes of evaporation and condensation of various materials in vacuum are certainly noteworthy.